Angioplasty In India

Heart Surgeries in India


  • Angioplasty Procedure or Angioplasty Surgery

    "Angio" is the latin word for vessel and "Plasty" means repair. Coronary Angioplasty is a angioplasty conducted on arteries supplying Blood to Heart.  Angioplasty is surgical procedure for patients with Coronary Artery Disease which can not be treated only with Medicines. The patients taking medication for angina but is still experiencing frequent or severe chest pain may need either angioplasty to widen the narrowed artery, or Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery to create a different Blood vessels for supplying the Heart with Blood.

    Coronary Artery Disease:

    Coronary Artery continuously supplies Blood to Heart muscle. Due to Ageing, food habits, easy life style and other complex factors Cholesterol from Blood is deposited on inner surface of Coronary Artery. Along with cholesterol minerals from blood also starts depositing in form of plaque. Due to plaque the internal surface of artery becomes rough, which may result in blood clots. This complex process ultimately reduces the area for blood flow, some time complete blockage of artery.
    Angioplasty Procedure or Angioplasty Surgery
    The purpose of angioplasty is to widen narrowed arteries, so that enough Blood and Oxygen can be delivered to the heart. Patient is awake throughout the procedure. A Catheter (narrow tube) is inserted into blood vessel near leg or arm. A very small balloon is attached to the tip of catheter. The catheter is gradually passed through the vessel until it reaches narrowed area of Coronary Artery. Once the balloon is at narrowed area of artery, balloon is inflated with air. This pressure of the balloon flattens the plaque and helps in opening the Artery. Depending upon the blockage, the balloon inflation time ranges from 30 seconds to several minutes. After the block is open, the balloon is deflated and retracted back through the blood vessel.
    Angioplasty stent
    A Coronary Artery stent is a small, metal mesh tube that expands inside a Coronary Artery. It helps prevent the Artery from closing up again.
    It is implanted just after Angioplasty and positioned at the site of obstruction. The stent implant is permanent.
    Stent implant helps the patient in 2 ways:
    • After angioplasty the narrowed artery sudden closer of vessel is prevented.
    • Many patient develop recurrence after angioplasty. Stunts reduce the risk of re-occurrence.
    Type of  Angioplasty Stents
    There are two type of Angioplasty Stents Drug-Eluting and Metal Stent. Drug-Eluting Stent is coated with pharmacologic drug helping to reduce relocking. Drug Eluting Stents reduces risk of relocking considerably as compared with Metal Stent.
    Benefits of Angioplasty Surgery
    • Reduction in Chest pain
    • Improves blood supply to Heart
    • Reduce Risk of Death from Coronary Artery Disease
    • Lower risk from Heart Attack
    • Prolongs the patient life
    Angioplasty vs Bypass Surgery:
    Advantages of Angioplasty over bypass Surgery are:
    • The chest does not required to be opened, reduces pain and  lower overall risk.
    • Recovery is much faster, 2-3 Days stay as compared 5-7 Days stay in bypass surgery.
    • It can be performed under Local Anesthesia.
    • Lower cost and Less Risk
    Angioplasty Hospital Stay In India
    After Angioplasty Patient is Hospitalized for 1-3 days.
    After Angioplasty In India
    After Coronary Angioplasty following are suggested Do's and Don’ts to get maximum advantage of the procedure:
    Do's:
    • Complete the dosage of Medicine given by Operating Doctor
    • Keep track on cholesterol
    • Control your Blood Pressure
    • Control your Diabetes
    • Observe and manage weight
    • Exercising(light)  regularly as directed by Doctors
    • Eating Heart Healthy food
    • Keep control on stress, tensions and anger
    • Regular check-up

    Don’ts 

    • Don’t Smoke
    • Don’t lift heavy weights
    • Don’t play competitive sports
    Angioplasty Risks
    Following few possible risks of Angioplasty and stent Placement.
    • Angioplasty is generally safe if done by experienced Cardiologist
    • Allergic reaction to the x-ray dye 
    • Allergic reaction to the stent
    • Bleeding or Clotting in the area where the catheter was inserted 
    • Damage to a Heart Valve or Blood Vessel 
    • Heart Attack (rare)
    • Kidney Failure (rare)
    • Generally the risk in higher in elderly edge.
    Angioplasty Success Ratio in India
    The overall success rate for Angioplasty is appx. 96%-99%. The patients with severely damaged heart muscles and blocked arteries tend to grow more risk. It must be noted here that no surgery can be performed without carrying potential risks in it. Angioplasty success rate in India is considered to be best.
    Angioplasty Cost in India
    The cost of coronary angioplasty is appx. 4000 US$.
    Angioplasty Hospital in India
    Angioplasty is available in major cities New Delhi (Delhi), Mumbai (formally Bombay), Chennai (formally Madras), Bangalore, Goa, Kolkata (formally Calcutta), Ahmedabad, Surat, Rajkot  and Vadodara(formally Baroda) etc.
    Health Desk India has evaluated through detailed research to suggest Ideal Hospitals and Surgeons to clients.
    Facts: 
    • The Heart is an amazing muscle. It beats an average 1,00,000 times daily to pump almost 2,000 gallons of blood.
    • More than a half million Angioplasty are performed every year in the United States alone, making it the most common procedure for Heart. 
    • More than 1 million Angioplasty procedures are performed every year worldwide.
    • In the majority of Angioplasty procedures, stents also are used to keep an artery open after it is widened.
    • Many professionals don’t consider Angioplasty as a type of surgery. They call it a Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI).